Prolotherapy or proliferation therapy as it used to be known as is a therapeutical treatment which is used to stimulate healing and is very commonly used in regenerative injection medicine. Prolotherapy works by stimulating the body's own natural healing mechanisms to repair injured musculoskeletal tissue. Prolotherapy originated in the 1930s by an osteopathic surgeon who originally used this therapy with good results. Prolotherapy works by getting the body to use its own natural healing mechanisms to repair injured and painful joint areas. Prolotherapy is practised by clinicians in the UK and worldwide and has been shown effective in treating many musculoskeletal conditions - such as tendinopathies, ligament sprains, back and neck pain, tennis/golfers elbow, ankle pain, joint laxity and instability, plantar fasciitis, shoulder, knee pain, and other joint pain.
How does Prolotherapy work?
Prolotherapy works by causing a temporary, low-grade inflammation at the injection site, activating fibroblasts (healing tissues) to the area, which, in turn, promotes the repair of healthy collagen which reinforces connective tissue. It has been well documented that direct exposure of these fibroblasts and growth factors promotes new cell growth and collagen. The inflammatory stimulus of Prolotherapy increases growth factors to resume or initiate a new connective tissue repair sequence. Biopsy studies have shown ligament thickening, enlargement of the tendon-bone junction, and strengthening of the tendon or ligament after Prolotherapy injections.
Prolotherapy is commonly used for musculoskeletal pain or injury. Prolotherapy works by raising growth factor levels or effectiveness to promote tissue repair or growth. It can be used years after the initial pain or problem began, as long as the person is healthy. Because Prolotherapy works to repair weak and painful joint areas, it is a long-term solution rather than a temporary measure such as drugs or Cortisone.